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The '''vampire squid''' (''Vampyroteuthis infernalis'', lit. "vampire squid from Hell") is a small, deep-sea cephalopod found throughout the temperate and tropical oceans of the world. Unique retractile sensory filaments justify the vampire squid's placement in its own order (biology)|order: Vampyromorphida (formerly Vampyromorpha), which shares similarities with both squid and octopus|octopodes. As a phylogeny|phylogenetic Relict (biology)|relict it is the only known surviving member of its order. The first specimens were collected on the Valdivia Expedition, they were Species description|described and originally Taxonomy (biology)|classified as an octopus in 1903 by Germany|German Teuthology|teuthologist Carl Chun, but later assigned to a new order together with several extinct Taxon|taxa.
Image captionAdult vampire squid illustration
GenusVampyroteuthis
Parent authorityCarl Chun|Chun, 1903
Speciesinfernalis
AuthorityCarl Chun|Chun, 1903
Synonyms*''Cirroteuthis macrope''
Berry, 1911
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